Lockport Union-Sun & Journal Online

November 21, 2013

Up in the air: Wisdom of e-cigs

By Bill Wolcott
Lockport Union-Sun & Journal

LOCKPORT —

Electronic cigarettes can come in 175 flavors, from apple to yellow cake, including five that keep the taste of tobacco.
Introduced in the United States in 2007, the metal pipes look like cigarettes or cigarette holders, but instead of tobacco, e-cigs contain a mechanism that heats up liquid nicotine, turning it into a vapor.
Do those vaporizers help cigarette smokers kick the habit, or do they encourage smoking? It would seem to depend on who you ask.
Health officials cite risks for e-cigs. 
Teresa McCabe, a public health educator and the supervisor of Healthy Neighborhoods in Niagara County, said, she can’t recommend them. 
“There are so many brands out there. Some are made in third-world countries and don’t have healthy ingredients,” she said.
McCabe organized activities in Niagara Falls for today’s 37th annual Great American Smokeout.
Because they are not tobacco products, e-cigs are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. As such, there’s no way of knowing for sure what’s in the steam. It could contain toxins, according to McCabe, adding that she thinks the nicotine keeps people addicted. 
McCabe is concerned that children are getting a drug in a flavorful way and could be drawn to it, a point echoed by many lawmakers who have suggested that e-cig companies are targeting young smokers. 
Health experts have pushed to ban the sale and use of e-cigarettes until the research trials have been conducted to prove that they are safe.
According to Heather Wipfli, associate director for the USC Institute for Global Health, “E-cigarettes currently exist in a complete no-man’s land.”
A bill to ban or regulate the electronic cigarettes in New York died in the legislature. State Sen. George D. Maziarz said he is “in between” on the issue. He wonders if e-cigs are introducing smoking to a new generation or weaning current smokers off the real things and onto the vapor.
E-Cig users and sellers say it’s the latter. The managers of Pleasant Puffs and Majestic Vapors on Main Street — two of the half dozen places presently selling e-cigs in — speak of benefits. 
Nicole Biro, the manager of Majestic Vapors, said she smoked two to three packs of cigarettes a day before switching to electronic cigarettes last year. Nicholas Brostko of Pleasant Puffs stopped smoking cigarettes this year and has gradually lowered the nicotine level in his e-cigs from 18 to 3 milligrams.
“Most people have a lot of success with them. It’s smoking without all the chemicals,” Brostko said.
E-cigarettes manufacturers state that the devices are not intended for treatment for nicotine addiction, in part because there has been no FDA approval of such a statement. The FDA has refused to either endorse or condemn the devices.
Cigarette smoke reportedly contains 2,000 chemicals and many are carcinogenic. The e-cigs cut out the chemicals, but provide nicotine in vapor form — in measured amounts.
As to the notion that e-cigs are hooking kids on smoking? Biro says it isn’t so. No one under the age of 18 is allowed in Majestic Vapors.