Lockport Union-Sun & Journal — If you could have the pleasure of being transported back in time to the 1800s and the grand days of the Erie Canal, you would become aware of a whole different language with its own idioms and definitions. The language spoken by the men and women who lived and worked on the Erie Canal was certainly unique and always interesting.
A brief Canawler to English Dictionary is included here just in case you ever have a need to decipher the code.
Berm side: Side of the boat away from the towpath
Boaters: General term for canallers; also canawlers or steersmen
Bullhead: A boat with a rounded front and no side-deck
Canal scrip: An IOU
Durham: A long, clumsy boat
Feeders: Channels to bring water into the canal to maintain the level
Fip: A coin worth about six cents
Foamer: A mug of ale
Fog gang: Workers who cleaned out the canal each year
Foo foo: A foreigner or immigrant worker
Grog: Any kind of alcoholic drink
Hayburner: Another name for a mule
Hoggee: “Driver boy” (derived from hogler, a field hand of the lowest class)
Hoodledasher: Multiple boats tied together to be pulled by one team of horses or mules (usually empty)
Jigger-boss: A boy who provided whisky to workers at “appropriate intervals”
Line boat: Carried mixed freight
Lock tenders/lock keeps: Tended locks, opened and closed gates, directed traffic, operated out of a combination house and office. Doubled as fight referee, salesman, grocer and tavern keeper to boaters.
Long eared robin: Name for a mule
Long level: Stretch of canal without a break or lock. The 60+ mile level east of Lockport was known as the Genesee Level
Mudlarked: Boat that was grounded due to a shortage of water
Pritties: Boiled or baked potatoes
Packet: A cabin for passengers